What The Increase In Chlamydia Means.
According to the CDC (Center for Disease Control), the rate of Chlamydia, a sexually transmitted disease, is increasing along with Gonorrhea and Syphilis. Chlamydia is alarming the medical community because 75% of all cases in women are without symptoms.
If untreated, it can cause PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease), urinary infections and many other complications. Scarring of the fallopian tubes become the primary cause of infertility in women, while in men, epididymitis, which causes pain on one or both of the testicles, can lead to infertility. If caught early, Chlamydia is easily treated with current antibiotics.
One of the reasons for the increasing number of cases could be that urine and swab tests are becoming more sensitive and performed aggressively in both men and women. Chlamydia can occur alone or concurrently with the diagnosis of Gonorrhea. In the past, anyone found to be positive for Gonorrhea, was treated presumptively for Chlamydia.
The increase in Gonorrhea is also a concern as resistant strains are developing that will render current antibiotic treatments useless. As with MRSA, Gonorrhea is a potential threat that could become as complicated to treat as antibiotic resistant staph.
Health officials don’t know exactly how many “superbug” cases there were among the more than 358,000 cases of Gonorrhea reported in 2006. However, a surveillance project of 28 cities, found that 14% were resistant to Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) and other pharmaceuticals in the fluoroquinolones class of antibiotics.
Although physicians are not sure why the number of cases are increasing, it’s clear that the main factor, unprotected sex, is on the rise.